Capital of the Department: Ayacucho
11 provinces and 111 districts.
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EL DEPARTAMENTO DE AYACUCHO
The department of Ayacucho is located in the $andes of the center and the south of Peru, having some sectors in the eyebrow of located forest and high forest to the northeast of its territory.
The recommended route but is the one of File-Pisco-Ayacucho (they are 573 km), via the highway the Liberators, with a duration of 9 hrs. approximately in car.
Other routes exist, as the one of Cusco-Abancay-Ayacucho (they are 598 km), with a duration of 19 hrs. of trip in car. Another route is the Huancayo-Ayacucho (they are 257 km) with a duration of 6 hrs. approximately of trip in car.
Not to forget that from the city of Lima they leave flights, which transported it to this city; in 45 minutes approximately.
BRIEF HISTORICAL REVIEW
The presence of human groups in Ayacucho has been beginning approximately for 20.000 years before Christ in the cave of Pikimachay. Later in the formativo period (the 2.000 before Christ and first years of ours he was), human groups in Rancha, Chupas and Wichqana settled down themselves. Between the centuries I SAW and VII, florecio the Wari empire, whose capital I am based on the zone of Ayacucho, soon to take step to the Regional Confederation Chanca. The Incas conquered Ayacucho, erecting an administrative center of great importance in the zone of Vilcashuaman.
On 1,539 Francisco Pizarro I found the city of Ayacucho with the name of San Juan of the Border of Huamanga. This I am created with strategic aims, because he limited with the territories dominated by the rebellious Incas of Vilcabamba. Once overcome the rebellious redoubt of Vilcabamba, Ayacucho adquirio economic and cultural importance.
Already in century XVII, Ayacucho poseia an important textile industry, was host of the archbishopric and counted on university, which convirtio in one of the important cities but of the virreynato.
At the moment Ayacucho, land of peace and hope, continue surprising the traveller by its colonial flavor. Ayacucho is called the Peruvian Capital of the Crafts, since its art has spread by the entire world.
BY THE ENVIRONS OF THE CITY
The department of Ayacucho counts on a series of attractive tourist:
This is a city pre-Inca, it is approximately to 22 km to the nor this of the city of Ayacucho and to 45 minutes in bus. It was the capital of Imperio Wari, that florecio in century I SAW a.d. to century XII. It was an urban nucleus that tapeworm an approximated population of 50.000 inhabitants; where it is possible to be observed walls, tombs, channels, etc.
To 24 km of the city of Ayacucho and to 30 min approx in car. In this place were bony rest and liticos that the old ones of South America are considered but, they date approx from 20.000 years a.C.
TOWN OF QUINUA AND PAMPAS OF AYACUCHO
Town of potters, to 37 km of Ayacucho and 50 min approx in bus. To 1 km of the town are the Pampas of Ayacucho, historical place where I am definitively carried out Batalla of Ayacucho the 9 of December of 1.824 sealing the independence of South America.
To 120 km to the south of Ayacucho and to 4 hrs approx in car. It was the incaico administrative center. Between his constructions one is the Temple of the Sun and the Moon, the Ushno or ceremonial pyramid among others.
Located to 102 km of Ayacucho and 3 hrs approx in car, is an archaeological complex that consist of a palace, a tower, the bath of the Inca (with a stone of 13 angles) and one lagoon in the middle of 2.300 the archaeological set to msnm.
To 94 km to the south of Ayacucho, to 3 hrs approx in car and after a 2 long walk of hrs approx a natural forest where the greater amount abounds with Titanca or Puya Raimondi of the zone.
To 51 km of Ayacucho and 50 min approx in bus, is a valley privileged by its location and its rich flora and fauna.
To 615 km of Ayacucho taking the route Ayacucho-Saint Clemete-Pisco-Nasca-Pampas Galeras, to 11 hrs approx in car. Located in the province of Lucanas, it is the national reserve where the vicuna in natural state conserves itself.
To 717 km of Ayacucho and 18 hrs approx in car, the province of of Parinacochas. Beautiful lagoon, in whose borders many birds see themselves between which they emphasize flamenco or parihuanas; to a side is the volcano Sara Sara, as well as the Achatayhua.
The ayacuchanos typical plates are:
Qapchi or Hapchi: Sandy salad with for tender, with Cachipa or fresh cheese, yellow red pepper, oil and perforated onion.
Broth of Mondongo: Soup of visceras with maize, mint and menudencias.
The Patachi: Soup of wheat with menestras, bacon and meat.
Sharp Puca: Chicharron in peanut sauce.
Uman Broth or Broth of Head: Broth of head of sheep with mint and red pepper.
Guinea pig Chactado: Guinea pig fried in frying pan underneath a flat and heavy stone.
Pachamanca: diverse meats, Popes and choclos (tender maize) spanish stews under earth between hot stones with aromatic grass, to the Hispanic style pre.
Tecte: Stew of habas, yuyos or seaweed, peas, red pepper, garlic, fresh cheese, milk and eggs.
The Pushla: Soup of ground barley, grass, eggs and milk.
I marinate Ayacuchano: Stew of meat marinated with red pepper and spices.
The traditional drinks are: Chicha of jora, chicha of molle, chicha of seven seeds.
© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.