Capital of the Department: Abancay
07 provinces and 79 districts.
LOCATION, EXTENSION And POPULATION
The department of Apurímac is located in the south, limits with Cusco, Arequipa and Ayacucho. It has a rough geography, it is located between immense hills and deep abysses. To be located in the mountain range, most of the year its climate is dominated in rains and low temperatures; it is recommended to travel between the months of June and October.
It has an extension of 20.654 kilometers square.
Its capital is Abancay, narrow city of primaveral climate, streets, white houses with calamine ceilings or red roofing tiles.
LIKE ARRIVING At THIS DEPARTMENT?
To arrive at this department is bastanta facil it you can make via terrestrial or via aerial.
TERRESTRIAL VIA: you can make by the route Lima - It is born - Chalhuanca - Andahuaylas (1027 km, approximately) with a duration average of 16 hours in car. Another terestre route is Lima - Huancavelica - Ayacucho - Chincheros - Andahuaylas (900 km approximately) via "the Route of the Liberators" with a duration average of 18 hours in car.
AERIAL VIA: Lima - Cusco (1 hour) continuing by highway the Cusco section - Abancay - Andahuaylas with a duration average of 9 hours in car. The airway Lima - Andahuaylas is but direct (single 55 minutes) it is landed in the airport of Huancabamba, and alli towards Andahuaylas, 15 minutes, of happened is possible to be admired the beautiful countryside of the valley of the Chumbao
BRIEF REVIEW HISTORICA
Little it is what it is known of his origins; nevertheless, the cronistas relate that his first inhabitants conformed tribes of diverse zones that had their origin in the culture quechua. In the region of Andahuaylas they had his seat legendary the Chancas, set of tribes who by their bellicosity have happened to history like one of the most seasoned and rebellious towns of old Peru.
They count the cronistas that the Chancas arrived at prepared during years to conquer the Imperial City of the Cusco and that but for the great figure and strategy of the Pachacutec Inca, the incaico empire would have succumbed.
When the conquerors settled down the first political organization of the colony, almost all the extension of the present department was the jurisdiction of the authorities of Huamanga; nevertheless memories are not conserved on foundation of cities and towns.
During the fight by the emancipation and independence, Apurímac contributed to its better children for this cause. One of them was Mateo Pumacahua that led a movement that extended until Andahuaylas. Special mention deserves Micaela Bastidas that next to its husband Jose Gabriel Condorcanqui - Túpac Amaru II faced the torture of the Spanish opresor and gave its life by the freedom.
When beginning the Republic, Abancay belonged to the Cusco. The 28 of April of 1873, by means of law, the department of Apurímac taking as it bases the provinces of Andahuaylas (Ayacucho), Antabamba, Aymaraes, and Cotabambas is created (Cusco), locating to Abancay like its capital.
MAIN ATTRACTIVE OF THE CAPITAL
Seat of Arms, the Cathedral, the chapel of the Gentleman of the Fall and the parks Ocampo and Micaela Bastidas.
The archaeological Complex of Saywite, located to the north of Abancay., that shows the existence of millenarian cultural centers. Here it is possible to see the famous stone of Saywite; considered like the "scale model of the Tahantinsuyo", it has four meters of diameter, almost circular and convex, with manifold carved and represents men, animals and vegetables grouped by natural regions.
Made snow-white Ampay, imposing natural wonder that rises to the foot of the city of Abancay.
Curahuasi, valley where the best anise of the world takes place and from where part to Saywite. From also it is possible here to be appreciated in his real magnitude to the Salcantay, imposing snow-covered located in the Cusco. Also it can visit the thermal baths of Jónoc.
MAIN ATTRACTIVE OF THE DEPARTMENT
Andahuaylas. The most modern city of the department rises on the 2 thousand 980 meters s.n.m and has a cold climate slightly. Its main church is the Cathedral of San Pedro and was constructed on the basis of colonial architecture. In his Seat of Arms it emphasizes the constructed sink of a single stone.
Talavera of the Reyna to 4 kilometers of the city of Andahuaylas. In this place it excels his Seat of Arms, constructed with stone and where it excels an impressive tower with a public clock. Closely together the thermal baths of Hualalache can be visited.
Chalhuanca, capital of the province of Aymaraes located on the 2 thousand 800 beautiful meters s.n.m. Conserva churches constructed at the colonial time with fine carvings in wood and gold bread.
Antabamba, important archaeological center where the funeral caverns abound. There have been skulls trepanados with a perfection that astonishes to the medicine; also sculptures of mud, domestic arms, utensils and instruments of hunting.
Lagoon of Pacucha, considered one of most beautiful and extensive of the country, rises on the 3 thousand meters s.n.m.. is located between the highway of Andahuaylas and Abancay. Ideal place to rest and to enjoy with the nature. Also it is possible to be fished and to be hunted ducks.
Chincheros. Beautiful full district of colorful beauty and, located in the province of Andahuaylas.
PLATES And DRINKS TIPICAS
The inhabitants of Apurímac characterize themselves by their good one for eating and hospitality towards that asks for it. Thus he does not surprise to mainly see that permanently they offer food to us, a variety of homemade breads that are prepared on the basis of flour that they themselves elaborate.
One of its more typical plates is the Huatía, which data of ancestral times. It consists of the preparation of a bonfire surrounded by stones in whose interior Popes are placed until obtaining their baking. The old inhabitants prepared it during the time of sowing or harvests.
Also of this department it is the well-known plate of Popes and eggs with "uchullachua" (red pepper with fresh cheese and huacatay). Between the variety of breads they are the grids, tarapacos, paltos and spirals.
In order to drink chichas and ponches are recommended.
1 to the 6 of January. Festejos of New Year in Andahuaylas. During these days the Loss of Blacks, that are disguised dancers are diversions of all type, specially folkloric related to the religion is made. Festejos of New Year in Andahuaylas. During these days the Loss of Blacks, that are disguised dancers are diversions of all type, specially folkloric related to the religion is made.
February. Carnivals. The town turns upside down to the streets to participate in the Gunsa (it knocks down mount). It is the only opportunity in which Apurímac shows all its folklore with comparsas street disguised and dancing by all the districts. In Andahuaylas the women and men dance in gangs during day and night. In Grau, bullfights of bulls are organized and the eve the "torril practices velacuy" (evening to the bulls) to drive away the bad spirits and to avoid that they cause damages to the bullfigthers. In Aymaraes representing of different districts they face slings, to way of duel, being hurt and bruised at the end of this duel.
13 of May. Festividad of the Virgin of Fátima. Great unfolding of folklore, specially music and dance. From different places from the department musical groups arrive at Grau numerous to show their art.
24 of June. Farming fair of Pachaconas (Antabamba) where the best products of the region are exhibited. Called butler Carguyoc is in charge to entertain all the assistants.
28 of July. YAWAR CELEBRATION in CHALHUANCA - AYMARAES. Run of bulls with Cóndores tied to the back. Traditional celebration although is made in all the department, has its special fame in this provincia.También are fights of roosters and the traditional Stroll to the Lagoon of Pacucha, where there is very good fishing of trouts.
15 of August. Festividad of the Virgin of Asuncio'n. The province of Grau turns upside down to the streets to attend the processions and prayers in the streets. Simultaneously "tinca" is executed or marks of the cattle. In Cotabambas the celebration is celebrated with Yawar Celebration.
24 of September. Celebration of Our Lady of the Mercedes. By means of Convido or invitation, all the town of Antabamba participates dancing, drinking, eating or attending the bullfights of bulls and flat racing.
7 of October. Celebration of the Virgin of the Rosary, festividad in which takes part all the town of Abancay. There are processions and fireworks. The Alferado or Mayordomo runs with all the expenses of the celebration.
3 of November. Day of Abancay with diverse sport, folkloric and social activities. Also there is fight of in excess roosters and of bulls.
8 of December. Festividad of the Virgin of the Conception. In Cotabambas dance in the main seat during three or four nights before and after the celebration.
25 of December. During Christmas Eve and Christmas, the inhabitants of Cotabambas, go out to dance with the disguised dancers. Adorations to the boy are made in great concentrations where all the town sings and says. Also there are processions, fireworks and banquets with typical plates.
OTHER ATTRACTIVE TURISTICOS OF THE DEPARTMENT
This zone even stays virgin for the internal massive tourism and external, this situation gives a special shade him.
One is not due to think that this zone does not have much to offer to the visitor, on the contrary have identified a series of arqueologicos complexes as they are those of SONDOR, CURAMBA, AMPI CEMETERY, USMA CHULLPA, ACHANCHI, QUISPIMARCA, URANMARCA, MAUCALLAQTA and PAQWAYRANRA.
But nonsingle there are ruins that to see and to appreciate, the colonial architecture with a clear Spanish influence is reflected in the constructions that were made in this period. Manifestations of this type are in the CHURCH OF SAN PEDRO OF ANDAHUAYLAS, the churches of TALAVERA and SAN JERONIMO, the SANCTUARY OF the VIRGIN OF COCHARCAS, the BRIDGE ON RIO CHUMBAO, the MUNICIPAL PALACE, the SINK OF the SEAT OF ARMS, and LARGE HOUSES of the place that even stay in good state of conservation.
But even there are much but, those that please to practice the ecologico tourism found a series of attractive turisticos as they are, PANCULA STONE FOREST, VIEWPOINT OF WAYWACA, PARK ECOLOGICO OF CCOYAHUACHO, MEDICINAL BATHS OF HUALALACHI, CATARACT OF POMAPACHIRI, VALLEY Of the CHUMBAO and the LAGOONS OF SOITICCOCHA and ANTACCOCHA.
© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.